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Geosciences 2016, 6(4), 49; doi:10.3390/geosciences6040049

Maya Lime Mortars—Relationship between Archaeomagnetic Dating, Manufacturing Technique, and Architectural Function—The Dzibanché Case

1
Coordinación Nacional de Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), 4120 Mexico City, Mexico
2
Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
3
Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
4
LANGEM (Laboratorio Nacional de Geoquímica y Mineralogía), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
5
Subdirección de Laboratorios y Apoyo Académico, INAH, 6010 Mexico City, México
6
Centro INAH Quintana Roo, 77000 Chetumal, Mexico
7
Instituto de Restauración del Patrimonio, Universitat Politècncia de València, 46022-Valencia, Spain
8
HDR, Inc., 8690 Balboa Ave Suite 200, San Diego, CA 91923, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos Alves and Jesus Martinez-Frias
Received: 24 June 2016 / Revised: 23 October 2016 / Accepted: 26 October 2016 / Published: 4 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoscience of the Built Environment 2016 Edition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5681 KB, uploaded 4 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Researchers have related the manufacturing technique of plasters and stucco in the Maya area with their period of production but not with their architectural function. In this paper, we establish a relationship between those three features (manufacturing technique, age, and architectural function) in the plasters of the Maya site of Dzibanché in southern Quintana Roo. Dzibanché has abundant remains of stuccos and plasters found mainly in three buildings (Plaza Pom, Pequeña Acrópolis, and Structure 2). We used thin sections, SEM and XRD, and archaeomagnetic dating processes. The pictorial layer of Structure 2 was the earliest (AD 274–316 and the stuccoes and plasters of the other two buildings were dated to the Middle Classic (AD 422–531), but we obtained different archaeomagnetic dates for the red pigment layers found in the buildings of the Pequeña Acrópolis and thus we were able to determine their chronological order of construction. The raw materials and proportions were carefully chosen to fulfil the mechanical necessities of the architectonic function: different proportions were found in plasters of floors, in the external walls, and inside the buildings; differences between earlier and later plasters were also detected. View Full-Text
Keywords: maya; archaeomagnetic dating; thin sections; lime mortars; manufacturing technique maya; archaeomagnetic dating; thin sections; lime mortars; manufacturing technique
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Straulino Mainou, L.; Sedov, S.; Soler Arechalde, A.M.; Pi Puig, T.; Villa, G.; Balanzario Granados, S.; Doménech-Carbó, M.-T.; Osete-Cortina, L.; Leonard, D. Maya Lime Mortars—Relationship between Archaeomagnetic Dating, Manufacturing Technique, and Architectural Function—The Dzibanché Case. Geosciences 2016, 6, 49.

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