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Animals 2017, 7(5), 35; doi:10.3390/ani7050035

Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study

1
Health & Human Performance, Norwich University, Northfield, VT 05663, USA
2
College of Public Health & Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
3
Department of Animal & Rangeland Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
4
College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
5
Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karen Thodberg
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 13 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 27 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Assisted Therapy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [207 KB, uploaded 27 April 2017]

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this case study was to examine the individual effects of an adapted physical activity, animal-assisted intervention (APA-AAI) with the family dog on motor skills, physical activity, and quality of life of a child with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: This study used an A-B-A single-subject design. The assessment phase (phase A) occurred pre- and post-intervention. This consisted of standardized assessments of motor skills, quality of life questionnaires, physical activity (measured using the GT3X+ accelerometer) and the human-animal bond. The intervention (phase B) lasted 8 weeks and consisted of adapted physical activities performed with the family dog once a week for 60 min in a lab setting. In addition, the participant had at-home daily activities to complete with the family dog. Results: Visual analysis was used to analyze the data. Motor skill performance, physical activity, quality of life and human animal interaction gains were observed in each case. Conclusions: These preliminary results provided initial evidence that the family-dog can play a role in healthy lifestyles through APA-AAI in children with CP. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; adapted physical activity; animal assisted intervention; CPQOL-Child; motor skills cerebral palsy; adapted physical activity; animal assisted intervention; CPQOL-Child; motor skills
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tepfer, A.; Ross, S.; MacDonald, M.; Udell, M.A.R.; Ruaux, C.; Baltzer, W. Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study. Animals 2017, 7, 35.

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