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Animals 2016, 6(7), 43; doi:10.3390/ani6070043

Determination of Phytoestrogen Content in Fresh-Cut Legume Forage

1
Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1/1665, Brno CZ 613 00, Czech Republic
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1/1665, Brno CZ 613 00, Czech Republic
3
Research Institute for Fodder Crops, Ltd., Troubsko, Zahradní 1, Troubsko 664 41, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive J. C. Phillips
Received: 23 February 2016 / Revised: 28 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 14 July 2016
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine phytoestrogen content in fresh-cut legume forage. This issue has been much discussed in recent years in connection with the health and safety of feedstuffs and thus livestock health. The experiments were carried out on two experimental plots at Troubsko and Vatín, Czech Republic during June and July in 2015. Samples were collected of the four forage legume species perennial red clover (variety “Amos”), alfalfa (variety “Holyně”), and annuals Persian clover and Alexandrian clover. Forage was sampled twice at regular three to four day intervals leading up to harvest and a third time on the day of harvest. Fresh and wilted material was analyzed using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Higher levels ( p < 0.05) of isoflavones biochanin A (3.697 mg·g −1 of dry weight) and formononetin (4.315 mg·g −1 of dry weight) were found in red clover than in other species. The highest isoflavone content was detected in red clover, reaching 1.001% of dry matter ( p < 0.05), representing a risk for occurrence of reproduction problems and inhibited secretion of animal estrogen. The phytoestrogen content was particularly increased in wilted forage. Significant isoflavone reduction was observed over three to four day intervals leading up to harvest. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoestrogens; Trifolium; Medicago; isoflavones; biochanin A; formononetin phytoestrogens; Trifolium; Medicago; isoflavones; biochanin A; formononetin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hloucalová, P.; Skládanka, J.; Horký, P.; Klejdus, B.; Pelikán, J.; Knotová, D. Determination of Phytoestrogen Content in Fresh-Cut Legume Forage. Animals 2016, 6, 43.

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