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Animals 2015, 5(4), 1233-1251; doi:10.3390/ani5040409

How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport

Department of Animal Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lee Niel
Received: 30 August 2015 / Revised: 16 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 November 2015 / Published: 1 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Stress and Pain Assessment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [130 KB, uploaded 1 December 2015]

Abstract

An animal that has been carefully acclimated to handling may willingly re-enter a restrainer. Another animal may have an intense agitated behavioral reaction or refuse to re-enter the handling facility. Physiological measures of stress such as cortisol may be very low in the animal that re-enters willingly and higher in animals that actively resist restraint. Carefully acclimating young animals to handling and restraint can help improve both productivity and welfare by reducing fear stress. Some of the topics covered in this review are: How an animal perceives handling and restraint, the detrimental effects of a sudden novel event, descriptions of temperament and aversion tests and the importance of good stockmanship. View Full-Text
Keywords: welfare; cattle; sheep; pigs; handling; restraint welfare; cattle; sheep; pigs; handling; restraint
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Grandin, T.; Shivley, C. How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport. Animals 2015, 5, 1233-1251.

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