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Animals 2015, 5(3), 643-661; doi:10.3390/ani5030377

Predictions of Daily Milk and Fat Yields, Major Groups of Fatty Acids, and C18:1 cis-9 from Single Milking Data without a Milking Interval

1
CONVIS s.c., Zone Artisanale et Commerciale, 4, Ettelbruck, L-9085, Luxembourg
2
Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech, Agriculture, Bio-engineering and Chemistry Department Animal Science and Nutrition Unit, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux B-5030, Belgium
3
Administration des Services Techniques de l'Agriculture ASTA, Luxembourg L-1019, Luxembourg
4
Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech, Department of Agricultural Science, Statistics, Informatics, and Applied Modeling Unit, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux B-5030, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marina von Keyserlingk
Received: 27 December 2014 / Revised: 16 June 2015 / Accepted: 14 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [276 KB, uploaded 31 July 2015]

Simple Summary

Reducing the frequency of milk recording decreases the costs of official milk recording. However, this approach can negatively affect the accuracy of predicting daily yields. Equations to predict daily yield from morning or evening data were developed in this study for fatty milk components from traits recorded easily by milk recording organizations. The correlation values ranged from 96.4% to 97.6% (96.9% to 98.3%) when the daily yields were estimated from the morning (evening) milkings. The simplicity of the proposed models which do not include the milking interval should facilitate their use by breeding and milk recording organizations.

Abstract

Reducing the frequency of milk recording would help reduce the costs of official milk recording. However, this approach could also negatively affect the accuracy of predicting daily yields. This problem has been investigated in numerous studies. In addition, published equations take into account milking intervals (MI), and these are often not available and/or are unreliable in practice. The first objective of this study was to propose models in which the MI was replaced by a combination of data easily recorded by dairy farmers. The second objective was to further investigate the fatty acids (FA) present in milk. Equations to predict daily yield from AM or PM data were based on a calibration database containing 79,971 records related to 51 traits [milk yield (expected AM, expected PM, and expected daily); fat content (expected AM, expected PM, and expected daily); fat yield (expected AM, expected PM, and expected daily; g/day); levels of seven different FAs or FA groups (expected AM, expected PM, and expected daily; g/dL milk), and the corresponding FA yields for these seven FA types/groups (expected AM, expected PM, and expected daily; g/day)]. These equations were validated using two distinct external datasets. The results obtained from the proposed models were compared to previously published results for models which included a MI effect. The corresponding correlation values ranged from 96.4% to 97.6% when the daily yields were estimated from the AM milkings and ranged from 96.9% to 98.3% when the daily yields were estimated from the PM milkings. The simplicity of these proposed models should facilitate their use by breeding and milk recording organizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: milk recording; fatty acid groups; prediction model; single milking milk recording; fatty acid groups; prediction model; single milking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arnould, V.M.R.; Reding, R.; Bormann, J.; Gengler, N.; Soyeurt, H. Predictions of Daily Milk and Fat Yields, Major Groups of Fatty Acids, and C18:1 cis-9 from Single Milking Data without a Milking Interval. Animals 2015, 5, 643-661.

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