Evaluating the Age-Dependent Potential for Protein Deposition in Naked Neck Meat Type Chicken
Simple SummaryGrowth rates of fast-growing chickens are reduced by a higher ambient temperature (AT) because of difficulties in dissipating heat through the feather coverage. Naked neck meat type genotypes could be helpful in increasing the tolerance for high AT. However, basic model parameters of this genotype necessary to further assess amino acid requirements are as yet unavailable. The experiments were conducted to estimate both the daily nitrogen maintenance requirement (NMR) and the potential for daily nitrogen retention NRmaxT). These observed model parameters provide the basic information to characterize the growth potential of the genotype for further application in modeling of individual amino acid requirements of naked neck meat type chicken.
AbstractThe introduction of the naked neck gene (Na) into modern meat type chicken is known to be helpful in increasing the tolerance for a high ambient temperature (AT) by reducing the feather coverage which allows for a higher level of heat dissipation compared to normally feathered (na/na) birds. In addition, reduced feather coverage could affect requirements for sulfur containing amino acids. As a prerequisite for further modeling of individual amino acid requirements, the daily N maintenance requirement (NMR) and the threshold value of daily N retention (NRmaxT) were determined. This was carried out using graded dietary protein supply and exponential modeling between N intake (NI) and N excretion (NEX) or N deposition (ND), respectively. Studies with homozygous (Na/Na) and heterozygous (Na/na) naked neck meat type chicken utilized 144 birds of average weight (50% of each genotype and sex) within two N balance experiments during both the starter (days 10–20) and the grower period (days 25–35). Birds were randomly allotted to five diets with graded dietary protein supply but constant protein quality. The observed estimates depending on genotype, sex and age varied for NMR and NRmaxT from 224 to 395 and 2881 to 4049 mg N/BWkg0.67/day, respectively. View Full-Text
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Khan, D.R.; Wecke, C.; Sharifi, A.R.; Liebert, F. Evaluating the Age-Dependent Potential for Protein Deposition in Naked Neck Meat Type Chicken. Animals 2015, 5, 56-70.
Khan DR, Wecke C, Sharifi AR, Liebert F. Evaluating the Age-Dependent Potential for Protein Deposition in Naked Neck Meat Type Chicken. Animals. 2015; 5(1):56-70.Chicago/Turabian Style
Khan, Daulat R.; Wecke, Christian; Sharifi, Ahmad R.; Liebert, Frank. 2015. "Evaluating the Age-Dependent Potential for Protein Deposition in Naked Neck Meat Type Chicken." Animals 5, no. 1: 56-70.