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Animals 2014, 4(3), 434-445; doi:10.3390/ani4030434

Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats

Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Received: 3 June 2014 / Revised: 4 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 July 2014 / Published: 15 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zoonotic Diseases of Companion Animals)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [86 KB, uploaded 15 July 2014]

Simple Summary

Dogs and cats have been sharing our environment for a long time and as pets they bring major psychological well-being to our modern urbanized society. However, they still can be a source of human infection by various pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi.

Abstract

Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as “family members” within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog pet trade or travel abroad), but also feline cowpox and newly recognized noroviruses or rotaviruses or influenza viruses can sicken our pets and be transmitted to humans. Bacterial zoonoses include bacteria transmitted by bites or scratches, such as pasteurellosis or cat scratch disease, leading to severe clinical manifestations in people because of their age or immune status and also because of our closeness, not to say intimacy, with our pets. Cutaneous contamination with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Leptospira spp., and/or aerosolization of bacteria causing tuberculosis or kennel cough are also emerging/re-emerging pathogens that can be transmitted by our pets, as well as gastro-intestinal pathogens such as Salmonella or Campylobacter. Parasitic and fungal pathogens, such as echinococcosis, leishmaniasis, onchocercosis, or sporotrichosis, are also re-emerging or emerging pet related zoonoses. Common sense and good personal and pet hygiene are the key elements to prevent such a risk of zoonotic infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: zoonoses; dog; cat; emerging diseases zoonoses; dog; cat; emerging diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chomel, B.B. Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats. Animals 2014, 4, 434-445.

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