Ionic Polymer Microactuator Activated by Photoresponsive Organic Proton Pumps
AbstractAn ionic polymer microactuator driven by an organic photoelectric proton pump transducer is described in this paper. The light responsive transducer is fabricated by using molecular self-assembly to immobilize oriented bacteriorhodopsin purple membrane (PM) patches on a bio-functionalized porous anodic alumina (PAA) substrate. When exposed to visible light, the PM proton pumps produce a unidirectional flow of ions through the structure’s nano-pores and alter the pH of the working solution in a microfluidic device. The change in pH is sufficient to generate an osmotic pressure difference across a hydroxyethyl methacrylate-acrylic acid (HEMA-AA) actuator shell and induce volume expansion or contraction. Experiments show that the transducer can generate an ionic gradient of 2.5 μM and ionic potential of 25 mV, producing a pH increase of 0.42 in the working solution. The ΔpH is sufficient to increase the volume of the HEMA-AA microactuator by 80%. The volumetric transformation of the hydrogel can be used as a valve to close a fluid transport micro-channel or apply minute force to a mechanically flexible microcantilever beam. View Full-Text
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Al-Aribe, K.M.; Knopf, G.K.; Bassi, A.S. Ionic Polymer Microactuator Activated by Photoresponsive Organic Proton Pumps. Actuators 2015, 4, 237-254.
Al-Aribe KM, Knopf GK, Bassi AS. Ionic Polymer Microactuator Activated by Photoresponsive Organic Proton Pumps. Actuators. 2015; 4(4):237-254.Chicago/Turabian Style
Al-Aribe, Khaled M.; Knopf, George K.; Bassi, Amarjeet S. 2015. "Ionic Polymer Microactuator Activated by Photoresponsive Organic Proton Pumps." Actuators 4, no. 4: 237-254.