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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(4), 139; doi:10.3390/socsci6040139

Normative Characteristics of Perceived Self-Efficacy

1
Parisian Laboratory of Social Psychology, Paris Nanterre University, 200 Ave de la République, Nanterre 92000, France
2
Teacher Training Department, Politehnica University Timisoara, Piata Victoriei no 2, Timișoara 300006, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 2 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 11 November 2017
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Abstract

Globalization leads to an extension of the performance content demanded of employees. Consequently, the latter are confronted with an increase of requirements to fulfil, of obstacles to overcome, and, in this context, it seems that to consider oneself capable to respond to such demands is as important as one’s objectively possessed abilities. Numerous research has shown the beneficial aspects of a high perceived self-efficacy. These beneficial aspects and the variable distribution of the level of this feeling among populations led us to hypothesize the normative nature of this perceived self-efficacy. Three populations (line managers, non-managerial employees and students) have responded to a questionnaire on perceived self-efficacy. The executives were asked to indicate, for each item, whether they would appreciate (or not) an employee adopting the behaviour listed in the item; the non-executives were required to indicate the degree to which each proposal corresponded to their usual behaviour, and the students were asked to select the items that an employee should tick off in order to be well seen (vs. badly seen) by their supervisor. Our results confirm our hypothesis: managers significantly appreciate employees who show a high level of perceived self-efficacy (SEP). We also note that adopting such behaviours is effective among non-executives, meaning that, if we take into consideration the fact that self-presentation with neutral instructions often produces socially desirable responses, the employees are aware of this valorisation. Finally, we see that such awareness is directly confirmed by our third population, i.e., by the fact that the future employees, in this case the students, are indeed aware of this valorisation. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived self-efficacy; social norms perceived self-efficacy; social norms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gangloff, B.; Mazilescu, C.-A. Normative Characteristics of Perceived Self-Efficacy. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 139.

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