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Soc. Sci. 2014, 3(1), 160-171; doi:10.3390/socsci3010160
Article

The Eurozone Crisis: Psychological Mechanisms Undermining and Supporting European Solidarity

1,*  and 2
Received: 27 January 2014; in revised form: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 3 March 2014 / Published: 10 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Eurozone Crisis: A Multidisciplinary Perspective)
Download PDF [79 KB, uploaded 10 March 2014]
Abstract: Europe has become a vivid example of intergroup dynamics with all the risks and chances it holds for peaceful and respectful co-existence. While Europe as a superordinate social category has the capability of solidarity between its subcategories (i.e., nations), negative emotions and behaviors among the countries’ citizens have become more prevalent throughout the emerging crisis. This article aims to analyze the psychological outcomes (i.e., negative attitudes) following on from the structural and economic imbalances within the European Union. More precisely, we argue that political reactions towards the Euro crisis facilitated routes to nationalism and thereby fostered supremacy in a few countries. This perceived supremacy of some countries, in turn, legitimized negative reactions towards others. Based on predictions from a social identity perspective, we describe how these processes perpetuate themselves. We also suggest strategies that might prevent the idea of a common Europe from failing.
Keywords: the euro crisis; intergroup behavior; prototypicality; negative attitudes; social identity the euro crisis; intergroup behavior; prototypicality; negative attitudes; social identity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reese, G.; Lauenstein, O. The Eurozone Crisis: Psychological Mechanisms Undermining and Supporting European Solidarity. Soc. Sci. 2014, 3, 160-171.

AMA Style

Reese G, Lauenstein O. The Eurozone Crisis: Psychological Mechanisms Undermining and Supporting European Solidarity. Social Sciences. 2014; 3(1):160-171.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reese, Gerhard; Lauenstein, Oliver. 2014. "The Eurozone Crisis: Psychological Mechanisms Undermining and Supporting European Solidarity." Soc. Sci. 3, no. 1: 160-171.


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