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Buildings 2016, 6(3), 34; doi:10.3390/buildings6030034

Urban and Rural—Population and Energy Consumption Dynamics in Local Authorities within England and Wales

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adrian Pitts
Received: 25 July 2016 / Revised: 10 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 30 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Building in Rural Areas)
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Abstract

The formulation of feasible and pragmatic policies that mitigate climate change would require a thorough understanding of the interconnectivity that exists between environment, energy, and the composition of our settlements both urban and rural. This study explores the patterns of energy consumption in England and Wales by investigating consumption behavior within domestic and transport sectors as a function of city characteristics, such as population, density, and density distribution for 346 Local Authority Units (LAU). Patterns observed linking energetic behavior of these LAUs to their respective population and area characteristics highlight some distinctly contrasting consumption behaviors within urban and rural zones. This provides an overview of the correlation between urban/rural status, population, and energy consumption and highlights points of interest for further research and policy intervention. The findings show that energy consumption across cities follows common power law scaling increasing sub-linearly with their population regardless of their urban/rural classification. However, when considering per capita and sector specific consumptions, decreasing per capita consumption patterns are observed for growing population densities within more uniformly populated urban LAUs. This is while rural and sparsely populated LAUs exhibit sharply different patterns for gas, electricity, and transport per capita consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: population; population density; urban/rural; domestic energy; urban sustainability population; population density; urban/rural; domestic energy; urban sustainability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arbabi, H.; Mayfield, M. Urban and Rural—Population and Energy Consumption Dynamics in Local Authorities within England and Wales. Buildings 2016, 6, 34.

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