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Buildings 2015, 5(3), 948-963; doi:10.3390/buildings5030948

A Review of Psychological Literature on the Health and Wellbeing Benefits of Biophilic Design

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Humans Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mallory Taub
Received: 7 July 2015 / Revised: 13 August 2015 / Accepted: 19 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impacts of the Building Environment on Health and Well-Being)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [197 KB, uploaded 25 August 2015]   |  


Biophilic design has received increasing attention as a design philosophy in recent years. This review paper focused on the three Biophilic design categories as proposed by Stephen Kellert and Elizabeth Calabrese in “The Practice of Biophilic Design”. Psychological, peer reviewed literature supporting the benefits of Biophilic design was searched for through the lens of restorative environments. Results indicate that there exists much evidence supporting certain attributes of Biophilic design (such as the presence of natural elements), while empirical evidence for other attributes (such as the use of natural materials or processes) is lacking. The review concludes with a call for more research on restorative environments and Biophilic design. View Full-Text
Keywords: biophilic design; restorative environments; built environment; environmental psychology biophilic design; restorative environments; built environment; environmental psychology

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gillis, K.; Gatersleben, B. A Review of Psychological Literature on the Health and Wellbeing Benefits of Biophilic Design. Buildings 2015, 5, 948-963.

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