Buildings 2014, 4(2), 95-112; doi:10.3390/buildings4020095
Article

Optimum Envelope of a Single-Family House Based on Life Cycle Analysis

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Received: 26 February 2014; in revised form: 8 April 2014 / Accepted: 9 April 2014 / Published: 21 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Performance Analysis and Simulation)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper describes the methodology used for the life cycle cost (LCC) and life cycle energy (LCE) analyses of the case study house in Quebec, Canada. The TRNSYS energy analysis program is coupled with GenOpt, a general purpose optimization program, for the purpose of this study. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is used for the search for the optimum solution. Results show that the optimum levels of insulation should be higher than the reference values, even for the case of LCC analysis. The results are for the most part still valid if electricity costs are assumed to increase below the inflation rate for the duration of the study period.
Keywords: house; envelope; optimization; life cycle cost; life cycle energy; simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamelin, M.-C.; Zmeureanu, R. Optimum Envelope of a Single-Family House Based on Life Cycle Analysis. Buildings 2014, 4, 95-112.

AMA Style

Hamelin M-C, Zmeureanu R. Optimum Envelope of a Single-Family House Based on Life Cycle Analysis. Buildings. 2014; 4(2):95-112.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamelin, Marie-Claude; Zmeureanu, Radu. 2014. "Optimum Envelope of a Single-Family House Based on Life Cycle Analysis." Buildings 4, no. 2: 95-112.

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