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Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings
NPS Group, Earle House, Colonial Street, Kingston upon Hull, HU2 8JY, UK
Received: 28 November 2012; in revised form: 11 January 2013 / Accepted: 17 January 2013 / Published: 31 January 2013
Abstract: The industrial and economic expansion of China, particularly its rapid urbanization, has resulted in dramatic increased consumption of energy resources and the resulting environmental impacts at local, regional and global levels. Although a national program aimed at the technological development of sustainable buildings with energy saving potential is ongoing, it is also appropriate to consult vernacular architectural tradition. This holds the potential to learn and adapt important cultural ideas developed over time on the art of balancing thermal comfort between climate and limited resources. This paper explores the five different climatic regions into which China is partitioned by the Chinese authorities: severe cold region, cold region, moderate region, hot summer and cold winter region, and hot summer and mild winter region. Analysis of each region covers the climate and its vernacular architecture with a special focus on how sustainability was addressed. Finally, regional climate scenario has been analyzed on the basis of data from Meteonorm V6.1 with special attention paid to passive design strategies.
Keywords: China; climate; vernacular dwelling; passive building design; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sun, F. Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings. Buildings 2013, 3, 143-172.
Sun F. Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings. Buildings. 2013; 3(1):143-172.
Sun, Feifei. 2013. "Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings." Buildings 3, no. 1: 143-172.