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The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings
Department of Civil Engineering, Uludag University, Bursa 16600, Turkey
Department of Civil Engineering, Aksaray University, Aksaray 68100, Turkey
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Anadolu University, Satelitte and Space Sciences Research Institute, Eskişehir 26555, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2012; in revised form: 4 January 2013 / Accepted: 15 January 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
Abstract: Reinforced concrete buildings suffered significant damage in the region affected by the 29 May 2011 earthquake in Simav (Kutahya), Turkey. Typical building damage is classified and potential causes of damage are investigated. Reinforced concrete moment resisting frames with hollow brick infill walls are the most common structural system in and around the Simav city center while masonry construction is common in rural areas. Although the Simav earthquake, with a magnitude of 5.7 to 5.9, can be classified as a moderate earthquake, many buildings experienced damage varying from frequent diagonal cracking and brittle failure of infill walls to collapse or severe damage to frames due to short columns, soft stories or other reasons including insufficient or poor detailing of reinforcement. This study investigates and presents the seismicity of the region, characteristics of the measured ground motions, seismic load demands including response spectra, and damage mechanisms, potential causes and classification of observed damage in reinforced concrete buildings.
Keywords: Simav (Kütahya) earthquake; ground motion; structural damage; reinforced concrete buildings
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Doğangün, A.; Ural, A.; Sezen, H.; Güney, Y.; Fırat, F.K. The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Buildings 2013, 3, 173-190.
Doğangün A, Ural A, Sezen H, Güney Y, Fırat FK. The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Buildings. 2013; 3(1):173-190.
Doğangün, Adem; Ural, Ali; Sezen, Halil; Güney, Yücel; Fırat, Fatih K. 2013. "The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings." Buildings 3, no. 1: 173-190.