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Buildings 2013, 3(1), 173-190; doi:10.3390/buildings3010173
Article

The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings

1
,
2
,
3,* , 4
 and
2
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Uludag University, Bursa 16600, Turkey 2 Department of Civil Engineering, Aksaray University, Aksaray 68100, Turkey 3 Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA 4 Anadolu University, Satelitte and Space Sciences Research Institute, Eskişehir 26555, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2012 / Revised: 4 January 2013 / Accepted: 15 January 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Failures)
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Abstract

Reinforced concrete buildings suffered significant damage in the region affected by the 29 May 2011 earthquake in Simav (Kutahya), Turkey. Typical building damage is classified and potential causes of damage are investigated. Reinforced concrete moment resisting frames with hollow brick infill walls are the most common structural system in and around the Simav city center while masonry construction is common in rural areas. Although the Simav earthquake, with a magnitude of 5.7 to 5.9, can be classified as a moderate earthquake, many buildings experienced damage varying from frequent diagonal cracking and brittle failure of infill walls to collapse or severe damage to frames due to short columns, soft stories or other reasons including insufficient or poor detailing of reinforcement. This study investigates and presents the seismicity of the region, characteristics of the measured ground motions, seismic load demands including response spectra, and damage mechanisms, potential causes and classification of observed damage in reinforced concrete buildings.
Keywords: Simav (Kütahya) earthquake; ground motion; structural damage; reinforced concrete buildings Simav (Kü; tahya) earthquake; ground motion; structural damage; reinforced concrete buildings
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Doğangün, A.; Ural, A.; Sezen, H.; Güney, Y.; Fırat, F.K. The 2011 Earthquake in Simav, Turkey and Seismic Damage to Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Buildings 2013, 3, 173-190.

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