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Metals 2017, 7(9), 382; doi:10.3390/met7090382

Study of the Heat-Treatments Effect on High Strength Ductile Cast Iron Welded Joints

1
ISEP—School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto, 4249-015 Porto, Portugal
2
Campus de Cornélio Procópio, UTFPR—Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Cornélio Procópio, PR 86300-000, Brazil
3
Georg Fischer Automotive A.G., 8200 Schaffhausen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
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Abstract

Nowadays, ultimate tensile strengths above 400 MPa become usual for ductile irons, thus allowing the implementation of new design paradigms. Large concentrations of carbon and other influencing elements can negatively interfere with the welding process of ductile cast irons. Efforts made by researchers have led to the discovery of solutions which enable good enough operational results to consider welding as a viable repairing or joining method. Although these alloys have been available for quite some time, researchers have mainly focused on issues relating to microstructural phenomena tied to casting and similar processes, leaving much to explore in terms of their weldability. Thus, this work intends to investigate the effect of different heat-treatments on the weldability of a high strength ductile cast iron by assessing the mechanical properties of welded joints as well as structural modifications induced by thermal cycles imposed before and after welding. Successful weld joints were achieved showing a clear heat affected zone (HAZ) close to the joint area. This area is coincident with the fracture area of the welded samples when loaded on a tensile test bench, having obtained promising results regarding mechanical strength and strain. The hardness of the welded zone was also carefully investigated, showing clear changes throughout the joint. View Full-Text
Keywords: weldability; heat-treatments; welding heat-treatment effect; high strength ductile cast iron; welding; heat affected zone; cracks; microstructure weldability; heat-treatments; welding heat-treatment effect; high strength ductile cast iron; welding; heat affected zone; cracks; microstructure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gouveia, R.M.; Silva, F.J.G.; Paiva, O.C.; Andrade, M.F.; Silva, L.; Moselli, P.C.; Papis, K.J.M. Study of the Heat-Treatments Effect on High Strength Ductile Cast Iron Welded Joints. Metals 2017, 7, 382.

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