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Metals 2017, 7(6), 223; doi:10.3390/met7060223

The Effect of Niobium on the Changing Behavior of Non-Metallic Inclusions in Solid Alloys Deoxidized with Mn and Si during Heat Treatment at 1473 K

1
The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
2
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2017 / Revised: 2 June 2017 / Accepted: 13 June 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alloy Steels)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10378 KB, uploaded 16 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

To clarify the effect of niobium (Nb) on the changing behavior of oxide inclusions in alloys containing different concentrations of Mn, Si, and Nb, heat treatment experiments at 1473 K were conducted and changes in the morphology, size, quantity, and composition of these inclusions were investigated. The stability of the oxide inclusions in both molten and solid Fe-Mn-Si-Nb alloys was also estimated by thermodynamic calculation using available data. Results showed that the change in the composition of the oxide inclusions owing to heat treatment depended on the concentrations of Nb and Si in the alloy. MnO-SiO2-type oxide inclusions gradually transformed into MnO-Nb2O5-type or MnO-SiO2- & MnO-Nb2O5-type inclusions in low-Si and high-Nb alloys after heating for 60 min. However, the shape of the inclusions did not change clearly. It was indicated that, during the heat treatment at 1473 K, an interface chemical reaction between the Fe-Mn-Si-Nb alloys and the MnO-SiO2-type oxide inclusions occurred according to the experimental and calculation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: niobium; non-metallic inclusion; heat treatment; interfacial reaction; modification niobium; non-metallic inclusion; heat treatment; interfacial reaction; modification
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Liu, C.; Liu, X.; Yang, S.; Li, J.; Ni, H.; Ye, F. The Effect of Niobium on the Changing Behavior of Non-Metallic Inclusions in Solid Alloys Deoxidized with Mn and Si during Heat Treatment at 1473 K. Metals 2017, 7, 223.

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