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Metals 2017, 7(6), 203; doi:10.3390/met7060203

Investigation of the Effectiveness of Dental Implant Osseointegration Characterized by Different Surface Types

The Department of Dentistry, Perm State Medical University named after E.A. Wagner, 26 Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990, Russia
Chemical Engineering Department, Ariel University, Scientific Park, Ariel 40700, Israel
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Laichang Zhang
Received: 6 April 2017 / Revised: 17 May 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 2 June 2017
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Different surfaces were obtained by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) of the Ti–6Al–4V alloy; followed by hydrothermal treatment (HT). The surfaces were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS); X-ray Diffraction (XRD); Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) absorption and abrasion wear tests. The resulting surface contains hydroxyapatite (HA); which contributes to superior implant osseointegration. Treated implants were introduced into rabbits and their osseointegration was studied after two and six months. It was established that implant surface area increases due to pore formation. Pore formation and hydroxyapatite on the surface of the implant qualitatively change contact osseogenesis processes with reduced duration of osseointegration of implants. The treatment of the surface of the implants by the combination of PEO and HT provided better results in the medico-biological investigations than PEO alone. Abrasion tests demonstrated that the HA will be preserved after the procedure of implantation; ensuring effective osseointegration. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma electrolytic oxidation; hydroxyapatite; oxide layers; biomaterials; osseointegration plasma electrolytic oxidation; hydroxyapatite; oxide layers; biomaterials; osseointegration

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Astashina, N.; Lugovskoy, A.; Kossenko, A.; Lugovskoy, S.; Rogozhnikov, G.; Zinigrad, M. Investigation of the Effectiveness of Dental Implant Osseointegration Characterized by Different Surface Types. Metals 2017, 7, 203.

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