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Metals 2016, 6(7), 155; doi:10.3390/met6070155

Gas Metal Arc Welding Using Novel CaO-Added Mg Alloy Filler Wire

Joining R & D Group, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, 156 Gaetbeol-ro (Songdo-dong), Yeonsu-Gu, Incheon 21999, Korea
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Academic Editor: Giuseppe Casalino
Received: 25 February 2016 / Revised: 18 June 2016 / Accepted: 23 June 2016 / Published: 8 July 2016
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Abstract

Novel “ECO Mg” alloys, i.e., CaO-added Mg alloys, which exhibit oxidation resistance during melting and casting processes, even without the use of beryllium or toxic protection gases such as SF6, have recently been introduced. Research on ECO Mg alloys is still continuing, and their application as welding filler metals was investigated in this study. Mechanical and metallurgical aspects of the weldments were analysed after welding, and welding behaviours such as fume generation and droplet transfer were observed during welding. The tensile strength of welds was slightly increased by adding CaO to the filler metal, which resulted from the decreased grain size in the weld metal. When welding Mg alloys, fumes have been unavoidable so far because of the low boiling temperature of Mg. Fume reduction was successfully demonstrated with a wire composed of the novel ECO Mg filler. In addition, stable droplet transfer was observed and spatter suppression could be expected by using CaO-added Mg filler wire. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; fusion welding; CaO-added filler; fumes; microstructure magnesium; fusion welding; CaO-added filler; fumes; microstructure
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Kang, M.; Ahn, Y.; Kim, C. Gas Metal Arc Welding Using Novel CaO-Added Mg Alloy Filler Wire. Metals 2016, 6, 155.

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