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Metals 2016, 6(6), 134; doi:10.3390/met6060134

Influence of the Overlapping Factor and Welding Speed on T-Joint Welding of Ti6Al4V and Inconel 600 Using Low-Power Fiber Laser

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
2
Centre of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing (AMMP), Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Sofia Ramos
Received: 18 February 2016 / Revised: 8 April 2016 / Accepted: 12 April 2016 / Published: 2 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermetallics 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5028 KB, uploaded 3 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Double-sided laser beam welding of skin-stringer joints is an established method for many applications. However, in certain cases with limited accessibility, single-sided laser beam joining is considered. In the present study, single-sided welding of titanium alloy Ti6Al4V and nickel-based alloy Inconel 600 in a T-joint configuration was carried out using continuous-wave (CW), low-power Ytterbium (Yb)-fiber laser. The influence of the overlapping factor and welding speed of the laser beam on weld morphology and properties was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. XRD analysis revealed the presence of intermetallic layers containing NiTi and NiTi2 at the skin-stringer joint. The strength of the joints was evaluated using pull testing, while the hardness of the joints was analyzed using Vickers hardness measurement at the base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat-affected zone (HAZ). The results showed that the highest force needed to break the samples apart was approximately 150 N at a laser welding power of 250 W, welding speed of 40 mm/s and overlapping factor of 50%. During low-power single-sided laser welding, the properties of the T-joints were affected by the overlapping factor and laser welding speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: overlapping factor; Ti–6Al–4V; Inconel-600; fiber laser; T-joint; pull test; NiTi overlapping factor; Ti–6Al–4V; Inconel-600; fiber laser; T-joint; pull test; NiTi
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Janasekaran, S.; Tan, A.W.; Yusof, F.; Abdul Shukor, M.H. Influence of the Overlapping Factor and Welding Speed on T-Joint Welding of Ti6Al4V and Inconel 600 Using Low-Power Fiber Laser. Metals 2016, 6, 134.

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