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Metals 2016, 6(3), 61; doi:10.3390/met6030061

The Influence of Processing Conditions on Microchemistry and the Softening Behavior of Cold Rolled Al-Mn-Fe-Si Alloys

1
Gränges Technology AB, 612 33 Finspång, Sweden
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim NO-7491, Norway
3
Thermomechanical Metallurgy Laboratory—PX Group Chair, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-2002 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 7 November 2015 / Revised: 1 March 2016 / Accepted: 8 March 2016 / Published: 11 March 2016
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Abstract

Using different homogenization treatments, different initial microchemistry conditions in terms of solid solution levels of Mn, and number densities and sizes of constituents and dispersoids were achieved in an Al-Mn-Fe-Si model alloy. For each homogenized condition, the microchemistry and microstructure, which further change both during deformation and subsequent annealing, were quantitatively characterized. The influence of the different microchemistries, with special focus on different particle structures (constituents and dispersoids), on the softening behavior during annealing after cold rolling and the final grain structure has been systematically studied. Time-Temperature-Transformation diagrams with respect to precipitation and recrystallization as a basis for analysis of the degree of concurrent precipitation during back-annealing have been established. Densely distributed fine pre-existing dispersoids and/or conditions of significant concurrent precipitation strongly slows down recrystallization kinetics and lead to a grain structure of coarse and strongly elongated grains. At the lowest annealing temperatures, recrystallization may even be completely suppressed. In conditions of low number density and coarse pre-existing dispersoids, and limited additional concurrent precipitation, recrystallization generally results in an even, fine and equi-axed grain structure. Rough calculations of recrystallized grain size, assuming particle stimulated nucleation as the main nucleation mechanism, compare well with experimentally measured grain sizes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al-Mn-alloys; homogenization; dispersoids; cold rolling; back annealing; recrystallization; concurrent precipitation; TTT-diagrams Al-Mn-alloys; homogenization; dispersoids; cold rolling; back annealing; recrystallization; concurrent precipitation; TTT-diagrams
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, N.; Huang, K.; Li, Y.; Marthinsen, K. The Influence of Processing Conditions on Microchemistry and the Softening Behavior of Cold Rolled Al-Mn-Fe-Si Alloys. Metals 2016, 6, 61.

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