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Metals 2016, 6(11), 285; doi:10.3390/met6110285

An Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of a Weldment of 7% Nickel Alloy Steels

Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Casalino
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 19 November 2016
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Abstract

During the last decade, the demand for natural gas has steadily increased for the prevention of environmental pollution. For this reason, many liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers have been manufactured. Since one of the most important issues in the design of LNG carriers is to guarantee structural safety, the use of low-temperature materials is increasing. Among commonly employed low-temperature materials, nickel steel has many benefits such as good strength and outstanding corrosion resistance. Accordingly, nickel steels are one of the most commonly used low-temperature steels for LNG storage tanks. However, the study of fracture toughness with various welding consumables of 7% nickel alloy steel is insufficient for ensuring the structural safety of LNG storage tanks. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate fracture toughness of several different weldments for 7% nickel alloy steels. The weldment of 7% nickel alloy steel was fabricated by tungsten inert gas (TIG), flux cored arc welding (FCAW), and gas metal arc welding (GMAW). In order to assess the material performance of the weldments at low temperature, fracture toughness such as crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) and the absorbed impact energy of weldments were compared with those of 9% nickel steel weldments. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquefied natural gas; nickel steel; weldments; crack tip opening displacement liquefied natural gas; nickel steel; weldments; crack tip opening displacement
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Park, J.Y.; Lee, J.M.; Kim, M.H. An Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of a Weldment of 7% Nickel Alloy Steels. Metals 2016, 6, 285.

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