Next Article in Journal
Porous γ-TiAl Structures Fabricated by Electron Beam Melting Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Probing Interfaces in Metals Using Neutron Reflectometry
Previous Article in Journal
Aluminium Foam and Magnesium Compound Casting Produced by High-Pressure Die Casting
Previous Article in Special Issue
Study on Sintering Mechanism of Stainless Steel Fiber Felts by X-ray Computed Tomography
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Metals 2016, 6(1), 17; doi:10.3390/met6010017

Structural Dynamics of Materials under Shock Compression Investigated with Synchrotron Radiation

1
Photon Factory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba 305-8555, Japan
2
Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Klaus-Dieter Liss
Received: 30 September 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 9 December 2015 / Published: 15 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metals Challenged by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2092 KB, uploaded 15 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Characterizing material dynamics in non-equilibrium states is a current challenge in material and physical sciences. Combining laser and X-ray pulse sources enables the material dynamics in non-equilibrium conditions to be directly monitored. In this article, we review our nanosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction studies with 100-ps X-ray pulses from synchrotron radiation concerning the dynamics of structural phase transitions in non-equilibrium high-pressure conditions induced by laser shock compression. The time evolution of structural deformation of single crystals, polycrystals, and glass materials was investigated. In a single crystal of cadmium sulfide, the expected phase transition was not induced within 10 ns at a peak pressure of 3.92 GPa, and an over-compressed structure was formed. In a polycrystalline sample of Y2O3 stabilized tetragonal zirconia, reversible phase transitions between tetragonal and monoclinic phases occur within 20 ns under laser-induced compression and release processes at a peak pressure of 9.8 GPa. In polycrystalline bismuth, a sudden transition from Bi-I to Bi-V phase occurs within approximately 5 ns at 11 GPa, and sequential V–III–II–I phase transitions occur within 30 ns during the pressure release process. In fused silica shocked at 3.5 GPa, an intermediate-range structural change in the nonlinear elastic region was observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: structural dynamics; shock compression; time-resolved X-ray diffraction; synchrotron radiation structural dynamics; shock compression; time-resolved X-ray diffraction; synchrotron radiation
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ichiyanagi, K.; Nakamura, K.G. Structural Dynamics of Materials under Shock Compression Investigated with Synchrotron Radiation. Metals 2016, 6, 17.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Metals EISSN 2075-4701 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top