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Metals 2011, 1(1), 16-48; doi:10.3390/met1010016
Review

Approaches to Modeling of Recrystallization

Received: 6 September 2011; in revised form: 14 October 2011 / Accepted: 25 October 2011 / Published: 28 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Processing and Properties of Bulk Nanostructured Materials)
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Abstract: Control of the material microstructure in terms of the grain size is a key component in tailoring material properties of metals and alloys and in creating functionally graded materials. To exert this control, reliable and efficient modeling and simulation of the recrystallization process whereby the grain size evolves is vital. The present contribution is a review paper, summarizing the current status of various approaches to modeling grain refinement due to recrystallization. The underlying mechanisms of recrystallization are briefly recollected and different simulation methods are discussed. Analytical and empirical models, continuum mechanical models and discrete methods as well as phase field, vertex and level set models of recrystallization will be considered. Such numerical methods have been reviewed previously, but with the present focus on recrystallization modeling and with a rapidly increasing amount of related publications, an updated review is called for. Advantages and disadvantages of the different methods are discussed in terms of applicability, underlying assumptions, physical relevance, implementation issues and computational efficiency.
Keywords: recrystallization; grain size; simulation; model; continuum mechanics; phase field; Monte Carlo Potts; cellular automata; vertex method; level set recrystallization; grain size; simulation; model; continuum mechanics; phase field; Monte Carlo Potts; cellular automata; vertex method; level set
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hallberg, H. Approaches to Modeling of Recrystallization. Metals 2011, 1, 16-48.

AMA Style

Hallberg H. Approaches to Modeling of Recrystallization. Metals. 2011; 1(1):16-48.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hallberg, Håkan. 2011. "Approaches to Modeling of Recrystallization." Metals 1, no. 1: 16-48.


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