Societies 2014, 4(1), 45-67; doi:10.3390/soc4010045
Article

Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries

Received: 1 November 2013; in revised form: 17 December 2013 / Accepted: 10 January 2014 / Published: 22 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Parenting, Aggressive Behavior in Children, and Our Violent World)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Exposure to neighborhood danger during childhood has negative effects that permeate multiple dimensions of childhood. The current study examined whether mothers’, fathers’, and children’s perceptions of neighborhood danger are related to child aggression, whether parental monitoring moderates this relation, and whether harsh parenting mediates this relation. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 1293 children (age M = 10.68, SD = 0.66; 51% girls) and their mothers (n = 1282) and fathers (n = 1075) in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Perceptions of greater neighborhood danger were associated with more child aggression in all nine countries according to mothers’ and fathers’ reports and in five of the nine countries according to children’s reports. Parental monitoring did not moderate the relation between perception of neighborhood danger and child aggression. The mediating role of harsh parenting was inconsistent across countries and reporters. Implications for further research are discussed, and include examination of more specific aspects of parental monitoring as well as more objective measures of neighborhood danger.
Keywords: child aggression; community violence; harsh parenting; parental monitoring; neighborhood danger
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skinner, A.T.; Bacchini, D.; Lansford, J.E.; Godwin, J.W.; Sorbring, E.; Tapanya, S.; Tirado, L.M.U.; Zelli, A.; Alampay, L.P.; Al-Hassan, S.M.; Bombi, A.S.; Bornstein, M.H.; Chang, L.; Deater-Deckard, K.; Giunta, L.D.; Dodge, K.A.; Malone, P.S.; Miranda, M.C.; Oburu, P.; Pastorelli, C. Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries. Societies 2014, 4, 45-67.

AMA Style

Skinner AT, Bacchini D, Lansford JE, Godwin JW, Sorbring E, Tapanya S, Tirado LMU, Zelli A, Alampay LP, Al-Hassan SM, Bombi AS, Bornstein MH, Chang L, Deater-Deckard K, Giunta LD, Dodge KA, Malone PS, Miranda MC, Oburu P, Pastorelli C. Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries. Societies. 2014; 4(1):45-67.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skinner, Ann T.; Bacchini, Dario; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Godwin, Jennifer W.; Sorbring, Emma; Tapanya, Sombat; Tirado, Liliana M.U.; Zelli, Arnaldo; Alampay, Liane P.; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Bombi, Anna S.; Bornstein, Marc H.; Chang, Lei; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Giunta, Laura D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Miranda, Maria C.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta. 2014. "Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries." Societies 4, no. 1: 45-67.

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