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Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries
Societies 2014, 4(3), 414-427; doi:10.3390/soc4030414

The Challenge of Parenting Girls in Neighborhoods of Different Perceived Quality

* ,
Life History Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 201 N Craig Street, Suite 408, Pittsburgh, PA 15218, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2014 / Revised: 30 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 August 2014 / Published: 13 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Parenting, Aggressive Behavior in Children, and Our Violent World)
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It is well-known that disadvantaged neighborhoods, as officially identified through census data, harbor higher numbers of delinquent individuals than advantaged neighborhoods. What is much less known is whether parents’ perception of the neighborhood problems predicts low parental engagement with their girls and, ultimately, how this is related to girls’ delinquency, including violence. This paper elucidates these issues by examining data from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, including parent-report of neighborhood problems and level of parental engagement and official records and girl-reported delinquency at ages 15, 16, and 17. Results showed higher stability over time for neighborhood problems and parental engagement than girls’ delinquency. Parents’ perception of their neighborhood affected the extent to which parents engaged in their girls’ lives, but low parental engagement did not predict girls being charged for offending at age 15, 16 or 17. These results were largely replicated for girls’ self-reported delinquency with the exception that low parental engagement at age 16 was predictive of the frequency of girls’ self-reported delinquency at age 17 as well. The results, because of their implications for screening and early interventions, are relevant to policy makers as well as practitioners.
Keywords: girls; parental engagement; neighborhoods; delinquency girls; parental engagement; neighborhoods; delinquency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ahonen, L.; Loeber, R.; Hipwell, A.; Stepp, S. The Challenge of Parenting Girls in Neighborhoods of Different Perceived Quality. Societies 2014, 4, 414-427.

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