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Sports 2017, 5(2), 21; doi:10.3390/sports5020021

Sports Nutrition Knowledge, Perceptions, Resources, and Advice Given by Certified CrossFit Trainers

1
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, College of Health, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
2
Training Think Tank, 11445 N Fulton Industrial Blvd Alpharetta, GA 30009, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Received: 1 January 2017 / Revised: 22 March 2017 / Accepted: 22 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [315 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Background: CrossFit is a large, growing force in the fitness community. Currently, Level 1 and 2 CrossFit certification classes do not include nutrition education. The purpose of this study was to identify sports nutrition knowledge, perceptions, resources, and advice given by Certified CrossFit Trainers. Methods: An online questionnaire that measured these four constructs was placed on a private Facebook community, open only to certified CrossFit trainers, for 10 days. Results: Complete surveys were obtained from 289 CrossFit trainers. The mean Sport Nutrition Knowledge (SNK) score was 11.1 ± 2.1, equivalent to 65.3% ± 12.4% correct. The trainers perceived nutrition to be extremely important to athletic performance (9.4 ± 0.9 on a 10 point scale). Overall, the trainers graded their SNK higher than that of their CrossFit peers. The internet and CrossFit peers were the most frequently reported sources for nutrition information; Registered Dietitians were the least reported source. The Paleo and Zone diets were the most common dietary regimens recommended by CrossFit trainers. Results indicated a positive correlation between a CrossFit trainer’s self-reported hours of nutrition education and their SNK score (r = 0.17; p < 0.01). Conclusion: Nutrition education modules for Level 1 and 2 CrossFit trainers, developed with input from Board Certified Specialists in Sports Dietetics, are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: CrossFit trainers; sports nutrition knowledge; Paleo diet; Registered Dietitians (RD); Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD) CrossFit trainers; sports nutrition knowledge; Paleo diet; Registered Dietitians (RD); Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maxwell, C.; Ruth, K.; Friesen, C. Sports Nutrition Knowledge, Perceptions, Resources, and Advice Given by Certified CrossFit Trainers. Sports 2017, 5, 21.

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