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Sports 2017, 5(2), 22; doi:10.3390/sports5020022

Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits

1
Institute of Sports Science, Saarland University, Saarbruecken 66123, Germany
2
Department of Sport Science, University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern 67663, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 4 April 2017
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Abstract

The relationship between sport participation, personality development, self-concept and self-esteem has been discussed repeatedly. In this research, a standardized written survey together with tests on motor performance were carried out with 1399 students (707 male; 692 female) in school years 7 (12.9 ± 0.6 years) and 10 (15.8 ± 0.6 years) to measure the extent of a relationship between physical self-concept (self-developed short scale) and sporting activity, measured motor performance (German motor performance test DMT (Deutscher Motorik-Test) 6–18) and report mark in physical education. Relationships were also analyzed between physical self-concept and general personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experiences, compatibility, and conscientiousness, measured with NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)). The assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism differs by sex (F(1, 962) = 35.21; p < 0.001), whereby girls assess themselves more critically. Weak significant relationships are displayed between motor performance and the assessment of own physical attractiveness (r(395) = 0.31; p < 0.01). Motor performance is given a higher predictive value with regard to a subject’s own self-concept, (physical attractiveness β = 0.37; t(249) = 5.24; p < 0.001; athleticism β = 0.40; t(248) = 6.81; p < 0.001) than the mark achieved in physical education (physical attractiveness β = −0.01; n.s.; athleticism β = −0.30; t(248) = 5.10; p < 0.001). Relationships were found overall between personality traits and physical self-concept. The influence of the ‘neuroticism’ trait is particularly strong (physical attractiveness β = −0.44; t(947) = −13.58; p < 0.001; athleticism β = −0.27; t(948) = −7.84; p < 0.001). The more pronounced this trait, the lower the assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor performance; personality traits; self-concept; sport participation motor performance; personality traits; self-concept; sport participation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Klein, M.; Fröhlich, M.; Emrich, E. Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits. Sports 2017, 5, 22.

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