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Sports 2015, 3(3), 136-144; doi:10.3390/sports3030136

The Effect of High Intensity Intermittent Exercise on Power Output for the Upper Body

1
School of Health and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science, Health & Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland 4556, Australia
2
Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, Queensland 4226, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
Received: 27 March 2015 / Revised: 17 June 2015 / Accepted: 25 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [114 KB, uploaded 30 June 2015]

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine and measure high intensity, intermittent upper body performance, in addition to identifying areas of the body that affect the variance in total work done during the 5 × 6 s sprint test. Fifteen males completed an upper body 5 × 6 s sprint test on a modified electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer, which consisted of five maximal effort sprints, each 6 s in duration, separated by 24 s of passive recovery. A fly wheel braking force corresponding to 5% of the participants’ body weight was used as the implemented resistance level. Body composition was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Percent (%) decrement was calculated as 100 − (Total work/ideal work) × 100. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were found between sprints for both absolute and relative (W, W·kg1, W·kg1 Lean body mass (LBM) and W·kg1 Upper body lean body mass (UBLBM)) peak (PP) and mean (MP) power. The % decrement in total work done over the five sprints was 11.4%. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed that UBLBM accounts for 87% of the variance in total work done during the upper body 5 × 6 s sprint test. These results provide a descriptive analysis of upper body, high intensity intermittent exercise, demonstrating that PP and MP output decreased significantly during the upper body 5 × 6 s sprint test. View Full-Text
Keywords: upper body; intermittent; high intensity; exercise; 5 × 6 s; sprint, RSA upper body; intermittent; high intensity; exercise; 5 × 6 s; sprint, RSA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Harvey, L.; Bousson, M.; McLellan, C.; Lovell, D.I. The Effect of High Intensity Intermittent Exercise on Power Output for the Upper Body. Sports 2015, 3, 136-144.

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