Special Issue "Sports Medicine"
A special issue of Sports (ISSN 2075-4663).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2014)
Prof. Dr. med. Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
DSBG, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sports and Exercise Medicine, University of Basel, Birsstrasse 320 B, CH-4052 Basel, Switzerland
Phone: +41 61 377 87 40
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sports is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Facial and Mouth Injuries in Karate - A Survey of Fighters in Europe
Authors: Andreas Filippi and Vesna Stesevic
Affiliation: Center of Dental Traumatology, University of Basle Hebelstr. 3, CH - 4056 Basle, Switzerland
Abstract: Background: Dental traumata occur in resulting in time and costs. Karate as a martial art carries a high dental trauma risk. Swiss/European karate data are presently not available.
Aim: The aim of this survey was to increase the knowledge of incidence, risk and procedures after dental injuries, knowledge of the tooth rescue box, the habit of wearing mouth guards and their modification.
Material and methods: Using a standardized questionnaire 420 karate fighters from 43 European countries were interviewed. All participants came from the same division: semi-professionals. The data were evaluated in relation to sex, kumite level and country.
Results: Of all 420 fighters, 213 had experienced a facial trauma. 44 persons had already had a dental trauma. 192 athletes had hurt their opponent with a facial or dental injury. That an avulsed tooth can be replanted, 290 persons answered with yes. Only 50 individuals knew the tooth rescue box. Nearly all of the interviewed persons wore a mouth guard (n=412), 178 with a selfmade modification.
Conclusion: The results of the present survey show that more information and education is required in karate to reduce the incidence of injuries and hard follows.
Title: Epidemiological Review of Injuries in Rugby Union
Authors: JF Kaux 1,2,3, M Julia 4, M Chupin 3, F Delvaux 3, JL Croisier 2,3, B Forthomme 2,3, JM Crielaard 2,3, C Le Goff 2, P Durez 5, P Ernst 1, S Guns 1 and A Laly 1
1 Centre de Formation de la Ligue Belge Francophone de Rugby (LBFR), ADEPS du Blanc Gravier, Allée des Sports, P63, Liège, Belgium
2 Multidisciplinary Medical and Sports Traumatology Service (SPORTS2), Liège CHU, Avenue de l’Hôpital, B35, Liège, Belgium
3 Department of Motricity Sciences, University of Liège, Allée des Sports, P63, Liège, Belgium
4 Commission Médicale de la Fédération Française de Rugby (FFR), Fédération MPR Montpellier-Nîmes, Hôpital Lapeyronie CHRU Montpellier, France
5 Medical Committee of the Fédération Belge de Rugby (FBR)
Abstract: Rugby is a sport which is growing in popularity. A contact sport par excellence, it causes a significant number of injuries. In rugby union, there are 30 to 91 injuries per 1,000 match hours. This epidemiological review of injuries incurred by rugby players mentions the position and type of injuries, the causes, time during the match and season in which they occur, the players' positions and the type of surface as well as the length of players' absences following the injury.
Keywords: injuries; rugby union; epidemiology; surface
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Regular Low-moderate Exercise Increases Exploratory Behaviour and Improves Heart Rate Parameters in Adult Male Rats
Authors: Jaume F. Lalanza 1,3,*, Miguel A. García-González 2, Sandra Sanchez-Roige 1, Margarita Prunell 4, Juan Ramos-Castro 2, Rosa M. Escorihuela 1,* and Lluís Capdevila 3
1 Institut de Neurociències, Departament de Psiquiatria i Medicina Legal, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Barcelona), Catalonia, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org (J.F.L); email@example.com (S.S-R.); firstname.lastname@example.org (R.M.E.).
2 Grup d’Instrumentació Biomèdica i Electrònica, Departament d’Enginyeria Electrònica, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. email@example.com (M.A.G-G.); firstname.lastname@example.org (J.R-C.).
3 Laboratori de Psicologia de l’Esport, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Barcelona), Catalonia, Spain. email@example.com (Ll.C).
4 Unidad de Fisiología, Departamento de Biología Animal, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. Mprunell@ull.es
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (J.F.L); email@example.com (R.M.E.). Tel.: +34-93-581-3296; Fax: +34-93-581-1435.
Abstract: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of moderate exercise on exploratory behaviour, anxiety and mood, as well as on heart rate parameters. Rats were trained in the treadmill (12m/min, 30min/day, 5days/week) for 6 weeks and compared with sedentary control and handled animals in the hole-board, elevated plus maze and forced swimming test (experiment 1). In the second experiment, telemetric devices were implanted in naïve animals to measure the heart rate and RR interval in baseline conditions, over 9 weeks of training and 3 weeks after exercise cessation. Both handling and trained increased exploratory behaviour compared with sedentary control group, but only the trained group showed reduced anxiety. No significant effects were found in behavioral despair. As expected, heart rate decreased over training and increased after exercise was interrupted, while the opposite changes occurred with the RR interval. Heart rate variability was not significantly modified, a marginally increase appeared in the SDNN variable. However, two spectral indices of the power spectrum of RR time series, such as the location of the dominant oscillator, were robustly decreased over treadmill training and increased after training cessation.
Keywords: forced exercise; head-dipping behaviour; Heart Rate; Heart Rate Variability; Central Frequency; 95% bandwidth
Last update: 25 February 2014