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Insects 2017, 8(1), 21; doi:10.3390/insects8010021

Biological Control Strategies for Mosquito Vectors of Arboviruses

1
Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA
2
Biosecurity Research Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 November 2016 / Accepted: 21 January 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
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Abstract

Historically, biological control utilizes predatory species and pathogenic microorganisms to reduce the population of mosquitoes as disease vectors. This is particularly important for the control of mosquito-borne arboviruses, which normally do not have specific antiviral therapies available. Although development of resistance is likely, the advantages of biological control are that the resources used are typically biodegradable and ecologically friendly. Over the past decade, the advancement of molecular biology has enabled optimization by the manipulation of genetic materials associated with biological control agents. Two significant advancements are the discovery of cytoplasmic incompatibility induced by Wolbachia bacteria, which has enhanced replacement programs, and the introduction of dominant lethal genes into local mosquito populations through the release of genetically modified mosquitoes. As various arboviruses continue to be significant public health threats, biological control strategies have evolved to be more diverse and become critical tools to reduce the disease burden of arboviruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: arboviruses; mosquitoes; predators; entomopathogenic microorganisms; Wolbachia; genetically modified mosquitoes arboviruses; mosquitoes; predators; entomopathogenic microorganisms; Wolbachia; genetically modified mosquitoes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Huang, Y.-J.S.; Higgs, S.; Vanlandingham, D.L. Biological Control Strategies for Mosquito Vectors of Arboviruses. Insects 2017, 8, 21.

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