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Insects 2015, 6(4), 988-1012; doi:10.3390/insects6040988

A Framework for Identifying Selective Chemical Applications for IPM in Dryland Agriculture

1
School of BioSciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
2
cesar Pty. Ltd, 293 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael J. Stout, Jeff Davis, Rodrigo Diaz and Julien M. Beuzelin
Received: 21 August 2015 / Revised: 9 December 2015 / Accepted: 11 December 2015 / Published: 16 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1324 KB, uploaded 17 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Shifts to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in agriculture are assisted by the identification of chemical applications that provide effective control of pests relative to broad-spectrum pesticides but have fewer negative effects on natural enemy (beneficial) groups that assist in pest control. Here, we outline a framework for identifying such applications and apply this framework to field trials involving the crop establishment phase of Australian dryland cropping systems. Several chemicals, which are not presently available to farmers in Australia, were identified as providing moderate levels of pest control and seedling protection, with the potential to be less harmful to beneficial groups including predatory mites, predatory beetles and ants. This framework highlights the challenges involved in chemically controlling pests while maintaining non-target populations when pest species are present at damaging levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticide; pests; toxicity; invertebrate; agro-ecosystems pesticide; pests; toxicity; invertebrate; agro-ecosystems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Umina, P.A.; Jenkins, S.; McColl, S.; Arthur, A.; Hoffmann, A.A. A Framework for Identifying Selective Chemical Applications for IPM in Dryland Agriculture. Insects 2015, 6, 988-1012.

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