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Insects 2015, 6(3), 696-703; doi:10.3390/insects6030696

Evaluation of Wood and Cellulosic Materials as Fillers in Artificial Diets for Lyctus africanus Lesne (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)

1,2,†,* and 1,†
1
Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji Campus, Kyoto 6110011, Japan
2
Research Centre for Biomaterials, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong 16911, Indonesia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian T. Forschler
Received: 29 January 2015 / Revised: 30 May 2015 / Accepted: 11 June 2015 / Published: 23 July 2015
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Abstract

We studied the usefulness of wood- and cellulose-based diets for L. africanus Lesne. Three diets were prepared which differed on the base ingredients; wood particles (Diet 1), cellulose powder (Diet 2), and alpha-cellulose (Diet 3). The diets were provided to adult L. africanus and the number of larvae, as well as the number of adults that emerged sex ratio, and body weight of the progeny was determined. Findings indicated similar results for the number of larvae, sex ratio and body weight of the emerged L. africanus fed on each diet. However, the number of adult produced by L. africanus on Diet 3 was significantly lower. The results indicate that the amount of vital nutrients is not the only important factor in selecting a suitable diet for L. africanus because the filler used in artificial diets influences the beetles overall population growth. For the population upon which the diets were tested, Diet 1 and Diet 2 could be utilized to rear beetles in the laboratory. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial diet; filler; cellulose; growth; L. africanus artificial diet; filler; cellulose; growth; L. africanus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kartika, T.; Yoshimura, T. Evaluation of Wood and Cellulosic Materials as Fillers in Artificial Diets for Lyctus africanus Lesne (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Insects 2015, 6, 696-703.

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