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Insects 2014, 5(3), 615-628; doi:10.3390/insects5030615

Anystis baccarum: An Important Generalist Predatory Mite to be Considered in Apple Orchard Pest Management Strategies

1
The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
2
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510640, China
3
The Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2014 / Revised: 4 July 2014 / Accepted: 11 July 2014 / Published: 24 July 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1254 KB, uploaded 24 July 2014]   |  

Abstract

The increasing concern over the continued use of pesticides is pressurising apple growers to look for alternatives to chemical pest control. The re-discovery, and subsequent conservation, of the beneficial predatory mite, Anystis baccarum (Linnaeus) (Acari: Anystidae), in Bramley apple orchards in Northern Ireland offers a potential alternative control component for incorporation into integrated pest management strategies. Anystis baccarum readily feeds upon economically important invertebrate pest species including European fruit tree red spider mite, Panonychus ulmi (Koch) (Acari: Tetranychidae) and show a level of compatibility with chemical pesticides. Recent mis-identification by apple growers of this beneficial mite species had resulted in unnecessary pesticide applications being applied within Northern Irish apple orchards. However, dissemination of information to the apple growers and promotion of the benefits this mite offers in apple orchards has helped to conserve its populations. Apple growers, across the United Kingdom, must be encouraged to be aware of A. baccarum, and indeed all predatory fauna, within their orchards and seek to conserve populations. In doing so, it will ensure that the British apple market remains an environmentally sustainable production system. View Full-Text
Keywords: apple orchard; Anystis baccarum; predatory mite; chemical apple orchard; Anystis baccarum; predatory mite; chemical
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cuthbertson, A.G.S.; Qiu, B.-L.; Murchie, A.K. Anystis baccarum: An Important Generalist Predatory Mite to be Considered in Apple Orchard Pest Management Strategies. Insects 2014, 5, 615-628.

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