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Insects 2014, 5(1), 92-104; doi:10.3390/insects5010092

Effect of Olfactory Stimulus on the Flight Course of a Honeybee, Apis mellifera, in a Wind Tunnel

1,* , 1
1 School of Human Science and Environment, 1-1-12 Shinzaike-Honcho, Himeji-shi, Hyogo 670-0092, Japan 2 Honda Research Institute Japan Co. Ltd., Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0188, Japan 3 Division of Biology, Department of Earth System Science, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2013 / Revised: 21 December 2013 / Accepted: 24 December 2013 / Published: 31 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honey Bee Behavior)
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It is known that the honeybee, Apis mellifera, uses olfactory stimulus as important information for orienting to food sources. Several studies on olfactory-induced orientation flight have been conducted in wind tunnels and in the field. From these studies, optical sensing is used as the main information with the addition of olfactory signals and the navigational course followed by these sensory information. However, it is not clear how olfactory information is reflected in the navigation of flight. In this study, we analyzed the detailed properties of flight when oriented to an odor source in a wind tunnel. We recorded flying bees with a video camera to analyze the flight area, speed, angular velocity and trajectory. After bees were trained to be attracted to a feeder, the flight trajectories with or without the olfactory stimulus located upwind of the feeder were compared. The results showed that honeybees flew back and forth in the proximity of the odor source, and the search range corresponded approximately to the odor spread area. It was also shown that the angular velocity was different inside and outside the odor spread area, and trajectories tended to be bent or curved just outside the area.
Keywords: odor source search; flight control; foraging flight; honeybee; wind tunnel odor source search; flight control; foraging flight; honeybee; wind tunnel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ikeno, H.; Akamatsu, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Ai, H. Effect of Olfactory Stimulus on the Flight Course of a Honeybee, Apis mellifera, in a Wind Tunnel. Insects 2014, 5, 92-104.

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