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Insects 2013, 4(4), 731-742; doi:10.3390/insects4040731
Article

Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing

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Received: 31 August 2013; in revised form: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 11 November 2013 / Published: 28 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers 2013)
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Abstract: Bed bug (Cimex lectularius L.) infestations are becoming increasingly common in low-income communities. Once they are introduced, elimination is very difficult. As part of the efforts to develop effective and safe bed bug management programs, we conducted a laboratory study evaluating the efficacy of a reduced-risk insecticide—Alpine aerosol (0.5% dinotefuran). We then conducted a field evaluation of a reduced-risk insecticide based integrated pest management (IPM) program in low-income family apartments with young children. In laboratory evaluations, direct spray and 5 min exposure to dry Alpine aerosol residue caused 100.0 ± 0.0 and 91.7 ± 8.3% mortality to bed bug nymphs, respectively. Direct Alpine aerosol spray killed 91.3 ± 4.3% of the eggs. The IPM program included education, steam, bagging infested linens, placing intercepting devices under furniture legs and corners of rooms, applying Alpine aerosol and Alpine dust (0.25% dinotefuran, 95% diatomaceous earth dust), and regularly scheduled monitoring and re-treatment. Nine apartments ranging from 1–1,428 (median: 29) bed bugs based on visual inspection and Climbup interceptor counts were included. Over a 6-month period, an average 172 g insecticide (Alpine aerosol + Alpine dust) was used in each apartment, a 96% reduction in pesticide usage compared to chemical only treatment reported in a similar environment. The IPM program resulted in an average of 96.8 ± 2.2% reduction in the number of bed bugs. However, elimination of bed bugs was only achieved in three lightly infested apartments (<30 bed bugs at the beginning). Elimination success was closely correlated with the level of bed bug populations.
Keywords: bed bug; low-income housing; reduced-risk; monitoring bed bug; low-income housing; reduced-risk; monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, N.; Wang, C.; Cooper, R. Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing. Insects 2013, 4, 731-742.

AMA Style

Singh N, Wang C, Cooper R. Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing. Insects. 2013; 4(4):731-742.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Singh, Narinderpal; Wang, Changlu; Cooper, Richard. 2013. "Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing." Insects 4, no. 4: 731-742.

Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert