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Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing
Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2013; in revised form: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 11 November 2013 / Published: 28 November 2013
Abstract: Bed bug (Cimex lectularius L.) infestations are becoming increasingly common in low-income communities. Once they are introduced, elimination is very difficult. As part of the efforts to develop effective and safe bed bug management programs, we conducted a laboratory study evaluating the efficacy of a reduced-risk insecticide—Alpine aerosol (0.5% dinotefuran). We then conducted a field evaluation of a reduced-risk insecticide based integrated pest management (IPM) program in low-income family apartments with young children. In laboratory evaluations, direct spray and 5 min exposure to dry Alpine aerosol residue caused 100.0 ± 0.0 and 91.7 ± 8.3% mortality to bed bug nymphs, respectively. Direct Alpine aerosol spray killed 91.3 ± 4.3% of the eggs. The IPM program included education, steam, bagging infested linens, placing intercepting devices under furniture legs and corners of rooms, applying Alpine aerosol and Alpine dust (0.25% dinotefuran, 95% diatomaceous earth dust), and regularly scheduled monitoring and re-treatment. Nine apartments ranging from 1–1,428 (median: 29) bed bugs based on visual inspection and Climbup interceptor counts were included. Over a 6-month period, an average 172 g insecticide (Alpine aerosol + Alpine dust) was used in each apartment, a 96% reduction in pesticide usage compared to chemical only treatment reported in a similar environment. The IPM program resulted in an average of 96.8 ± 2.2% reduction in the number of bed bugs. However, elimination of bed bugs was only achieved in three lightly infested apartments (<30 bed bugs at the beginning). Elimination success was closely correlated with the level of bed bug populations.
Keywords: bed bug; low-income housing; reduced-risk; monitoring
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Singh, N.; Wang, C.; Cooper, R. Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing. Insects 2013, 4, 731-742.
Singh N, Wang C, Cooper R. Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing. Insects. 2013; 4(4):731-742.
Singh, Narinderpal; Wang, Changlu; Cooper, Richard. 2013. "Effectiveness of a Reduced-Risk Insecticide Based Bed Bug Management Program in Low-Income Housing." Insects 4, no. 4: 731-742.