Insects 2013, 4(2), 241-272; doi:10.3390/insects4020241
Article

Observations on White Grubs Affecting Sugar Cane at the Juba Sugar Project, South-Western Somalia, in the 1980s, and Implications for Their Management

CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, TW20 9TY, UK Present address: Mayfield, Skinners Lane, Metfield, Suffolk, IP20 0LH, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2013; in revised form: 9 May 2013 / Accepted: 24 May 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
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Abstract: The authors made two visits to the Juba Sugar Project in south-west Somalia, at the beginning of the minor rains in October 1986, and at the beginning of the main rains in March 1987. Observations were made on morphospecies of scarabaeid white grub larvae, the adults, and the two associated for the key economic species, Cochliotis melolonthoides and Brachylepis werneri. Sampling larvae and adults by digging soil quadrats and adults by light trapping gave useful information on their biology and phenology. Sampling methods were evaluated and economic thresholds were extrapolated based on earlier work. Natural enemies were surveyed, and entomopathogenic nematodes and a cordyceps fungus (Ophiocordyceps barnesii) were considered to have potential to be used as biological control interventions.
Keywords: Cochliotis melolonthoides; Brachylepis werneri; Schizonycha; Ophiocordyceps barnesii

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cock, M.J.W.; Allard, G.B. Observations on White Grubs Affecting Sugar Cane at the Juba Sugar Project, South-Western Somalia, in the 1980s, and Implications for Their Management. Insects 2013, 4, 241-272.

AMA Style

Cock MJW, Allard GB. Observations on White Grubs Affecting Sugar Cane at the Juba Sugar Project, South-Western Somalia, in the 1980s, and Implications for Their Management. Insects. 2013; 4(2):241-272.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cock, Matthew J.W.; Allard, Gillian B. 2013. "Observations on White Grubs Affecting Sugar Cane at the Juba Sugar Project, South-Western Somalia, in the 1980s, and Implications for Their Management." Insects 4, no. 2: 241-272.

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