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Extreme Glacial Legacies: A Synthesis of the Antarctic Springtail Phylogeographic Record
Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Department for Evolutionary Biology, Spemannstr. 37-39/IV, Tübingen, D-72076, Germany
South Australian Museum, and School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, SA 5000, Adelaide, Australia
Centre for Biodiversity and Ecology Research, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, via A. Moro 2, 53100, Siena, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2010; in revised form: 15 February 2011 / Accepted: 2 April 2011 / Published: 6 April 2011
Abstract: We review current phylogeographic knowledge from across the Antarctic terrestrial landscape with a focus on springtail taxa. We describe consistent patterns of high genetic diversity and structure among populations which have persisted in glacial refugia across Antarctica over both short (10 Mya) timescales. Despite a general concordance of results among species, we explain why location is important in determining population genetic patterns within bioregions. We complete our review by drawing attention to the main limitations in the field of Antarctic phylogeography, namely that the scope of geographic focus is often lacking within studies, and that large gaps remain in our phylogeographic knowledge for most terrestrial groups.
Keywords: Antarctica; Collembola; invertebrates; glacial refugia; isolation; phylogeographic structure
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MDPI and ACS Style
McGaughran, A.; Stevens, M.I.; Hogg, I.D.; Carapelli, A. Extreme Glacial Legacies: A Synthesis of the Antarctic Springtail Phylogeographic Record. Insects 2011, 2, 62-82.
McGaughran A, Stevens MI, Hogg ID, Carapelli A. Extreme Glacial Legacies: A Synthesis of the Antarctic Springtail Phylogeographic Record. Insects. 2011; 2(2):62-82.
McGaughran, Angela; Stevens, Mark I.; Hogg, Ian D.; Carapelli, Antonio. 2011. "Extreme Glacial Legacies: A Synthesis of the Antarctic Springtail Phylogeographic Record." Insects 2, no. 2: 62-82.