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Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.
Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech, 216A Price Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2011; in revised form: 20 April 2011 / Accepted: 9 May 2011 / Published: 11 May 2011
Abstract: Four bed bug strains (Cimex lectularius) with different levels of pyrethroid resistance were evaluated to determine their ability to survive extended periods of starvation. First instar bed bugs of all strains were the most vulnerable to starvation (13.8–36.3 days mean survival time). Fifth instars and adults survived the longest during starvation (41.5–142.6 days). Significant differences in survivorship during starvation were observed between resistant and susceptible strains of bed bugs. Overall, all immature and adult stages of the resistant bed bug strains had significantly shorter survival times than those of the susceptible strains (P < 0.05).
Keywords: Cimex lectularius; bed bug; starvation; resistance; survivorship; pyrethroids
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Polanco, A.M.; Miller, D.M.; Brewster, C.C. Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.. Insects 2011, 2, 232-242.
Polanco AM, Miller DM, Brewster CC. Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.. Insects. 2011; 2(2):232-242.
Polanco, Andrea M.; Miller, Dini M.; Brewster, Carlyle C. 2011. "Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.." Insects 2, no. 2: 232-242.