Insects 2011, 2(2), 232-242; doi:10.3390/insects2020232

Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.

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Received: 9 February 2011; in revised form: 20 April 2011 / Accepted: 9 May 2011 / Published: 11 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bed Bugs: An Emerging Pandemic)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Four bed bug strains (Cimex lectularius) with different levels of pyrethroid resistance were evaluated to determine their ability to survive extended periods of starvation. First instar bed bugs of all strains were the most vulnerable to starvation (13.8–36.3 days mean survival time). Fifth instars and adults survived the longest during starvation (41.5–142.6 days). Significant differences in survivorship during starvation were observed between resistant and susceptible strains of bed bugs. Overall, all immature and adult stages of the resistant bed bug strains had significantly shorter survival times than those of the susceptible strains (P < 0.05).
Keywords: Cimex lectularius; bed bug; starvation; resistance; survivorship; pyrethroids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Polanco, A.M.; Miller, D.M.; Brewster, C.C. Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.. Insects 2011, 2, 232-242.

AMA Style

Polanco AM, Miller DM, Brewster CC. Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.. Insects. 2011; 2(2):232-242.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polanco, Andrea M.; Miller, Dini M.; Brewster, Carlyle C. 2011. "Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.." Insects 2, no. 2: 232-242.

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