Next Article in Journal
Effects of Consumption of Bt-maize (MON 810) on the Collembolan Folsomia candida, Over Multiple Generations: A Laboratory Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Reproductive Potential of Field-collected Populations of Cimex lectularius L. and the Cost of Traumatic Insemination
Previous Article in Journal
Phylogeography of the Cactophilic Drosophila and Other Arthropods Associated with Cactus Necroses in the Sonoran Desert
Previous Article in Special Issue
Moving From the Old to the New: Insecticide Research on Bed Bugs since the Resurgence
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Insects 2011, 2(2), 232-242; doi:10.3390/insects2020232

Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.

Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech, 216A Price Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2011 / Revised: 20 April 2011 / Accepted: 9 May 2011 / Published: 11 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bed Bugs: An Emerging Pandemic)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [158 KB, 11 July 2011; original version 11 May 2011]


Four bed bug strains (Cimex lectularius) with different levels of pyrethroid resistance were evaluated to determine their ability to survive extended periods of starvation. First instar bed bugs of all strains were the most vulnerable to starvation (13.8–36.3 days mean survival time). Fifth instars and adults survived the longest during starvation (41.5–142.6 days). Significant differences in survivorship during starvation were observed between resistant and susceptible strains of bed bugs. Overall, all immature and adult stages of the resistant bed bug strains had significantly shorter survival times than those of the susceptible strains (P < 0.05).
Keywords: Cimex lectularius; bed bug; starvation; resistance; survivorship; pyrethroids Cimex lectularius; bed bug; starvation; resistance; survivorship; pyrethroids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Polanco, A.M.; Miller, D.M.; Brewster, C.C. Survivorship During Starvation for Cimex lectularius L.. Insects 2011, 2, 232-242.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top