Next Article in Journal
Relationship between Supplied Oil Flow Rates and Oil Film Thicknesses under Starved Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
Next Article in Special Issue
Prediction of Wear in Crosslinked Polyethylene Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty
Previous Article in Journal
Correlation between System Entropy and Structural Changes in Lubricating Grease
Previous Article in Special Issue
In Vitro Wear Testing of a CoCr-UHMWPE Finger Prosthesis with Hydroxyapatite Coated CoCr Stems
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Lubricants 2015, 3(2), 346-364; doi:10.3390/lubricants3020346

Materials and Their Failure Mechanisms in Total Disc Replacement

Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: J. Philippe Kretzer and Amir Kamali
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribological Performance of Artificial Joints)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [360 KB, uploaded 28 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Adults suffering from lower back pain often find the cause of pain is degenerative disc disease. While non-surgical treatment is preferred, spinal fusion and total disc replacement remain surgical options for the patient. Total disc replacement is an emerging and improving treatment for degenerative discs. This paper provides a review of lumbar disc replacement for treatment of lower back pain. The mechanics and configuration of the natural disc are first discussed, followed by an introduction of treatment methods that attempt to mimic these mechanics. Total disc replacement types, materials, and failure mechanisms are discussed. Failure mechanisms primarily involve biochemical reactions to implant wear, as well as mechanical incompatibility of the device with natural spine motion. Failure mechanisms include: osteolysis, plastic deformation of polymer components, pitting, fretting, and adjacent level facet and disc degeneration. View Full-Text
Keywords: total disc replacement; failure; implants; degenerative disc disease; osteolysis; biomaterials; wear total disc replacement; failure; implants; degenerative disc disease; osteolysis; biomaterials; wear
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Reeks, J.; Liang, H. Materials and Their Failure Mechanisms in Total Disc Replacement. Lubricants 2015, 3, 346-364.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Lubricants EISSN 2075-4442 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top