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J. Pers. Med. 2015, 5(3), 243-263; doi:10.3390/jpm5030243

Lifestyle Factors in Cancer Survivorship: Where We Are and Where We Are Headed

Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jane M. Armer
Received: 2 April 2015 / Revised: 10 June 2015 / Accepted: 17 June 2015 / Published: 2 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Long-term Cancer Survivorship)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [548 KB, uploaded 2 July 2015]

Abstract

Advances in early detection and curative therapies have led to an increased number of cancer survivors over the last twenty years. With this population comes the need to evaluate the late and long term effects of cancer treatment and develop recommendations about how to optimally care for these survivors. Lifestyle factors (diet, body weight, physical activity, and smoking) have been linked to a higher risk of many medical comorbidities (cardiovascular, metabolic, etc.). There is increasing evidence linking these factors to the risk of developing cancer and likely cancer-related outcomes. This link has been studied extensively in common cancers like breast, colon, prostate, and lung cancers through observational studies and is now being prospectively evaluated in interventional studies. Realizing that survivors are highly motivated to improve their overall health after a diagnosis of cancer, healthy lifestyle recommendations from oncology providers can serve as a strong tool to motivate survivors to adopt health behavior changes. Our article aims to review the evidence that links lifestyle factors to cancer outcomes and provides clinical recommendations for cancer survivors. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle factors; cancer survivorship; physical activity; dietary factors; smoking lifestyle factors; cancer survivorship; physical activity; dietary factors; smoking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Vijayvergia, N.; Denlinger, C.S. Lifestyle Factors in Cancer Survivorship: Where We Are and Where We Are Headed. J. Pers. Med. 2015, 5, 243-263.

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