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J. Pers. Med. 2014, 4(4), 475-488; doi:10.3390/jpm4040475

Promoting Precision Cancer Medicine through a Community-Driven Knowledgebase

1
Shraga Segal Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beersheva 8410501, Israel
2
National Institute of Biotechnology in Negev, Ben Gurion University, Beersheva 8410501, Israel
3
Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
4
Center for Personalized Cancer Therapy and Division of Hematology and Oncology, Moores Cancer Center, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2014 / Revised: 23 October 2014 / Accepted: 5 December 2014 / Published: 15 December 2014
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Abstract

Increasing efforts are being dedicated towards improving cancer care via personalized medicine. These efforts depend to a large degree on the availability of a knowledge foundation. Unfortunately, existing knowledge linking cancer drugs and potential efficacy biomarkers is in its infancy; and where links are known, they are frequently unstructured and poorly documented. We have developed a new open-access knowledgebase for precision cancer medicine (the PCM Wiki and Knowledgebase). This knowledgebase was constructed using an innovative, two-pronged approach involving a structured knowledgebase at the back-end, and an intuitive knowledge-sharing interface and user-friendly query engine in front. The knowledgebase was seeded with several patient case reports and information was mined via text-mining and literature review by human curators. Using our novel Wiki-based platform to present and share knowledge stored in the PCM knowledgebase, users are able to suggest corrections, propose additions or point to errors in the knowledgebase. The result is a community-driven evolving knowledgebase holding integrated and consolidated knowledge of markers and indications for personalized cancer medicine. We suggest that the PCM Knowledgebase and Wiki could serve as an important tool for the advancement of clinical trials and care in the field of precision cancer medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; case reports; genetics; knowledgebase; personalized medicine; precision medicine cancer; case reports; genetics; knowledgebase; personalized medicine; precision medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Geifman, N.; Haviv, I.; Kurzrock, R.; Rubin, E. Promoting Precision Cancer Medicine through a Community-Driven Knowledgebase. J. Pers. Med. 2014, 4, 475-488.

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