J. Pers. Med. 2012, 2(3), 93-118; doi:10.3390/jpm2030093
Opinion

Health 2050: The Realization of Personalized Medicine through Crowdsourcing, the Quantified Self, and the Participatory Biocitizen

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Received: 2 July 2012; in revised form: 15 August 2012 / Accepted: 15 August 2012 / Published: 12 September 2012
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Abstract: The concepts of health and health care are moving towards the notion of personalized preventive health maintenance and away from an exclusive focus on the cure of disease. This is against the backdrop of contemporary public health challenges that include increasing costs, worsening outcomes, ‘diabesity’ epidemics, and anticipated physician shortages. Personalized preventive medicine could be critical to solving public health challenges at their causal root. This paper sets forth a vision and plan for the realization of preventive medicine by 2050 and examines efforts already underway such as participatory health initiatives, the era of big health data, and qualitative shifts in mindset.
Keywords: personalized medicine; preventive medicine; crowdsourcing; participatory medicine; participant-centric initiatives; digital health; health empowerment; health trust communities; quantified self; future of medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Swan, M. Health 2050: The Realization of Personalized Medicine through Crowdsourcing, the Quantified Self, and the Participatory Biocitizen. J. Pers. Med. 2012, 2, 93-118.

AMA Style

Swan M. Health 2050: The Realization of Personalized Medicine through Crowdsourcing, the Quantified Self, and the Participatory Biocitizen. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2012; 2(3):93-118.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Swan, Melanie. 2012. "Health 2050: The Realization of Personalized Medicine through Crowdsourcing, the Quantified Self, and the Participatory Biocitizen." J. Pers. Med. 2, no. 3: 93-118.

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