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Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Secondary to Brachial Plexus Piercing Variation
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Diagnostics 2017, 7(3), 46; doi:10.3390/diagnostics7030046

Pectoralis Minor Syndrome: Subclavicular Brachial Plexus Compression

The Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Aurora, Colorado and Presbyterian-St. Lukes Hospital, Denver, CO 80202, USA
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Received: 12 May 2017 / Revised: 29 June 2017 / Accepted: 30 June 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Treatment of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome)
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Abstract

The diagnosis of brachial plexus compression—either neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) or neurogenic pectoralis minor syndrome (NPMS)—is based on old fashioned history and physical examination. Tests, such as scalene muscle and pectoralis minor muscle blocks are employed to confirm a diagnosis suspected on clinical findings. Electrodiagnostic studies can confirm a diagnosis of nerve compression, but cannot establish it. This is not a diagnosis of exclusion; the differential and associated diagnoses of upper extremity pain are always considered. Also discussed is conservative and surgical treatment options. View Full-Text
Keywords: neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome; NTOS; thoracic outlet syndrome; TOS; pectoralis minor syndrome; PMS; neurogenic pectoralis minor syndrome; NPMS; numbness and tingling; pain in neck and arm; occipital headache neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome; NTOS; thoracic outlet syndrome; TOS; pectoralis minor syndrome; PMS; neurogenic pectoralis minor syndrome; NPMS; numbness and tingling; pain in neck and arm; occipital headache
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanders, R.J.; Annest, S.J. Pectoralis Minor Syndrome: Subclavicular Brachial Plexus Compression. Diagnostics 2017, 7, 46.

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