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Diagnostics 2018, 8(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics8010007

Long-Term Functional Outcome of Surgical Treatment for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

1
Department of Vascular Surgery, St Antonius Hospital, 3435CM Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
2
Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical Center Alkmaar, 1815JD Alkmaar, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 11 January 2018 / Published: 12 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Treatment of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome)
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Abstract

First rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is clinically successful and safe in most patients. However, long-term functional outcomes are still insufficiently known. Long-term functional outcome was assessed using a validated questionnaire. A multicenter retrospective cohort study including all patients who underwent operations for TOS from January 2005 until December 2016. Clinical records were reviewed and the long-term functional outcome was assessed by the 11-item version of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire. Sixty-two cases of TOS in 56 patients were analyzed: 36 neurogenic TOS, 13 arterial TOS, 7 venous TOS, and 6 combined TOS. There was no 30-day mortality. One reoperation because of bleeding was performed and five patients developed a pneumothorax. Survey response was 73% (n = 41) with a follow-up ranging from 1 to 11 years. Complete relief of symptoms was reported postoperatively in 27 patients (54%), symptoms improved in 90%, and the mean QuickDASH score was 22 (range, 0–86). Long-term functional outcome of surgical treatment of TOS was satisfactory, and surgery was beneficial in 90% of patients, with a low risk of severe morbidity. However, the mean QuickDASH scores remain higher compared with the general population, suggesting some sustained functional impairment despite clinical improvement of symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: thoracic outlet syndrome; first rib resection; surgical procedures; operative; patient reported outcome measures thoracic outlet syndrome; first rib resection; surgical procedures; operative; patient reported outcome measures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Peek, J.; Vos, C.G.; Ünlü, Ç.; Schreve, M.A.; van de Mortel, R.H.W.; de Vries, J.-P.P.M. Long-Term Functional Outcome of Surgical Treatment for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Diagnostics 2018, 8, 7.

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