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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems: A Review
HSG-IMIT—Institut für Mikro-und Informationstechnik, Georges-Koehler-Allee 103, 79100, Freiburg, Germany
Received: 5 July 2013; in revised form: 10 October 2013 / Accepted: 17 October 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013
Abstract: There have been continuous advances in the field of glucose monitoring during the last four decades, which have led to the development of highly evolved blood glucose meters, non-invasive glucose monitoring (NGM) devices and continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS). Glucose monitoring is an integral part of diabetes management, and the maintenance of physiological blood glucose concentration is the only way for a diabetic to avoid life-threatening diabetic complications. CGMS have led to tremendous improvements in diabetic management, as shown by the significant lowering of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in adults with type I diabetes. Most of the CGMS have been minimally-invasive, although the more recent ones are based on NGM techniques. This manuscript reviews the advances in CGMS for diabetes management along with the future prospects and the challenges involved.
Keywords: continuous glucose monitoring systems; diabetes management; invasive; non-invasive
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MDPI and ACS Style
Vashist, S.K. Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems: A Review. Diagnostics 2013, 3, 385-412.
Vashist SK. Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems: A Review. Diagnostics. 2013; 3(4):385-412.
Vashist, Sandeep K. 2013. "Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems: A Review." Diagnostics 3, no. 4: 385-412.