Prebiotic Factors Influencing the Activity of a Ligase Ribozyme
AbstractAn RNA-lipid origin of life scenario provides a plausible route for compartmentalized replication of an informational polymer and subsequent division of the container. However, a full narrative to form such RNA protocells implies that catalytic RNA molecules, called ribozymes, can operate in the presence of self-assembled vesicles composed of prebiotically relevant constituents, such as fatty acids. Hereby, we subjected a newly engineered truncated variant of the L1 ligase ribozyme, named tL1, to various environmental conditions that may have prevailed on the early Earth with the objective to find a set of control parameters enabling both tL1-catalyzed ligation and formation of stable myristoleic acid (MA) vesicles. The separate and concurrent effects of temperature, concentrations of Mg2+, MA, polyethylene glycol and various solutes were investigated. The most favorable condition tested consists of 100 mM NaCl, 1 mM Mg2+, 5 mM MA, and 4 °C temperature, whereas the addition of Mg2+-chelating solutes, such as citrate, tRNAs, aspartic acid, and nucleoside triphosphates severely inhibits the reaction. These results further solidify the RNA-lipid world hypothesis and stress the importance of using a systems chemistry approach whereby a wide range of prebiotic factors interfacing with ribozymes are considered. View Full-Text
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Anella, F.; Danelon, C. Prebiotic Factors Influencing the Activity of a Ligase Ribozyme. Life 2017, 7, 17.
Anella F, Danelon C. Prebiotic Factors Influencing the Activity of a Ligase Ribozyme. Life. 2017; 7(2):17.Chicago/Turabian Style
Anella, Fabrizio; Danelon, Christophe. 2017. "Prebiotic Factors Influencing the Activity of a Ligase Ribozyme." Life 7, no. 2: 17.