Regulation of CO2 Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria
AbstractIn this chapter, we mainly focus on the acclimation of cyanobacteria to the changing ambient CO2 and discuss mechanisms of inorganic carbon (Ci) uptake, photorespiration, and the regulation among the metabolic fluxes involved in photoautotrophic, photomixotrophic and heterotrophic growth. The structural components for several of the transport and uptake mechanisms are described and the progress towards elucidating their regulation is discussed in the context of studies, which have documented metabolomic changes in response to changes in Ci availability. Genes for several of the transport and uptake mechanisms are regulated by transcriptional regulators that are in the LysR-transcriptional regulator family and are known to act in concert with small molecule effectors, which appear to be well-known metabolites. Signals that trigger changes in gene expression and enzyme activity correspond to specific “regulatory metabolites” whose concentrations depend on the ambient Ci availability. Finally, emerging evidence for an additional layer of regulatory complexity involving small non-coding RNAs is discussed. View Full-Text
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Burnap, R.L.; Hagemann, M.; Kaplan, A. Regulation of CO2 Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria. Life 2015, 5, 348-371.
Burnap RL, Hagemann M, Kaplan A. Regulation of CO2 Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria. Life. 2015; 5(1):348-371.Chicago/Turabian Style
Burnap, Robert L.; Hagemann, Martin; Kaplan, Aaron. 2015. "Regulation of CO2 Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria." Life 5, no. 1: 348-371.