Variographic Assessment of Total Process Measurement System Performance for a Complete Ore-to-Shipping Value Chain
AbstractVariographic characterisation has been shown to be a powerful tool to assess the performance of process measurement systems, using existing process data. Variogram interpretation enables decomposition of variabilities stemming from the process and measurement system, respectively, allowing to determine if measurements are able to describe the true process variability with sufficient resolution. This study evaluated 14 critical sampling locations, covering a total of 34 separate measurement systems, along the full processing value chain at Luossavaara Kiirunavaara limited company (LKAB), Sweden. A majority of the variograms show low sill levels, indicating that many sub-processes are well controlled. Many also show low nugget effect, indicating satisfactory measurement systems. However, some notable exceptions were observed, pointing to systems in the need of improvement. Even if some of these were previously recognized internally at LKAB, the use of variographic characterisation provide objective and numerical evidence of measurement system performance. The study also showed some unexpected results, for example that slurry shark-fin and spear sampling show acceptable variogram characteristics for the present materials, despite the associated incorrect sampling errors. On the other hand, the results support previous conclusions indicating that manual sampling and cross belt hammer samplers are leading to unacceptably large sampling errors and should be abandoned. Such specific findings underline the strength of comprehensive empirical studies. Based on the present compilation of results, it is possible to conduct rational enquiry of all evaluated measurement systems, enabling objective prioritization of where improvement efforts will have the largest cost–benefit effect. View Full-Text
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Engström, K.; Esbensen, K.H. Variographic Assessment of Total Process Measurement System Performance for a Complete Ore-to-Shipping Value Chain. Minerals 2018, 8, 310.
Engström K, Esbensen KH. Variographic Assessment of Total Process Measurement System Performance for a Complete Ore-to-Shipping Value Chain. Minerals. 2018; 8(7):310.Chicago/Turabian Style
Engström, Karin; Esbensen, Kim H. 2018. "Variographic Assessment of Total Process Measurement System Performance for a Complete Ore-to-Shipping Value Chain." Minerals 8, no. 7: 310.
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