Next Article in Journal
Mineralogical Diversity in Lake Pavin: Connections with Water Column Chemistry and Biomineralization Processes
Previous Article in Journal
The Growth of Gypsum in the Presence of Hexavalent Chromium: A Multiscale Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characterization of the Bacterial and Sulphate Reducing Community in the Alkaline and Constantly Cold Water of the Closed Kotalahti Mine
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Minerals 2016, 6(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/min6010023

Copper Bioleaching in Chile

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Escuela de Ingeniería Bioquímica, 2362803 Valparaíso, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anna H. Kaksonen
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 9 March 2016 / Published: 16 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biohydrometallurgy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [301 KB, uploaded 16 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Chile has a great tradition of producing and exporting copper. Over the last several decades, it has become the first producer on an international level. Its copper reserves are also the most important on the planet. However, after years of mineral exploitation, the ease of extracting copper oxides and ore copper content has diminished. To keep the production level high, the introduction of new technologies has become necessary. One that has been successful is bioleaching. Chile had the first commercial operation in the world exclusively via bioleaching copper sulfides. Nowadays, all bioleaching operations run in the country contribute to an estimated 10% of total copper production. This article presents antecedents that have contributed to the development of copper bioleaching in Chile. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioleaching; copper production; large scale; sulfide minerals bioleaching; copper production; large scale; sulfide minerals
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gentina, J.C.; Acevedo, F. Copper Bioleaching in Chile. Minerals 2016, 6, 23.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Minerals EISSN 2075-163X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top